Rotterdam Centraal Station

Rotterdam Centraal Station

Do you know the history of Rotterdam Centraal Station? Rotterdam Centraal is the largest railway station of Rotterdam city and was built in 2014 by architecture firms Benthem Crouwel and West 8. Every day over 100,000 people travel to and from Rotterdam via the Central Station. Transport services such as the train, metro, tram, bus, light rail and taxi are available. Moreover, it is connected to the high speed train as well. This means you can travel to Amsterdam, Schiphol Airport, Antwerp, Brussels or Paris in no time. In the text below you can find a short introduction of the history of Rotterdam Centraal Station.

Rotterdam Centraal Station: History

Rotterdam did not have a central railway station before World War II. Instead there were four stations in and around the city centre. Rotterdam Delftsche Poort, Rotterdam Beurs, Rotterdam Maas and Rotterdam Hofplein. Delftsche Poort station was badly damaged by the bombing in the Rotterdam Blitz. Westwards of the site the station was rebuilt. The architect Sybold van Ravesteyn designed the new station that was completed in 1957. The new station became very populair. In 1953 the Maas station closed and Rotterdam Hofplein closed as well in 2010. However, the original 1957 station building was closed in 2007 and demolished the next year to make way for a larger station. The new station was completed and opened in 2014.

Rotterdam Centraal Staion: New Building

In 2004 a total reconstruction of the station and its surroundings started. This was to cope with the increasing number of trains and to accommodate for the RandstadRail. The existing station was too small to handle the growing number of passengers. The new Rotterdam Centraal Station was designed by architecture firms Benthem Crouwel and West 8. They redeveloped the station to represent the transportation hub’s important role. Not only within the city, but also as part of the European train network. Therefore, the new station is larger, brighter and more orderly than the former. It also has a more international feel because it beautifully complements Rotterdam city’s bold ambitions for urban development and renewal.

Furthermore, In order to form a connection with Rotterdam centraal’s past, elements from the former construction, are incorporated within the design. two sculptures cast from the previously existing granite structure sit above the entrance to a vehicle storage facility with room for 750 cars and 5,200 bicycles. Additionally, the original sign and station clock are featured as part of the new southern façade.Moreover, environmental sustainability has also been considered with 130,000 solar cells, positioned across 10,000 sqm of the 28,000 sqm roof (one of the largest solar rooftop projects in Europe). Reducing the building’s carbon dioxide emissions by 8%.

For more information about Rotterdam Centraal Station, go to Wikipedia

Interested in more information about the highlights of Rotterdam? Check out our Highlight Walking Tour or Highlight Bike Tour!